Cartavelina

Certamente vi starete chiedendo a cosa è dovuta la scelta di questo nome… Presto detto! Lo spunto mi è venuto leggendo il romanzo di Nello Governato, “La Partita dell’Addio”. Cartavelina era il soprannome di Matthias Sindelar, campione di calcio della nazionale austriaca (la meravigliosa Wunderteam) e dell’ Austria Vienna, vissuto all’inizio del secolo a cavallo con l’avvento del fascismo e del nazismo in Europa. Il campione che non si piegò ad Hitler, un uomo rigoroso, un eroe esemplare, un leone in campo, antinazista dichiarato. Nella partita simbolica che vedrà il definitivo scioglimento della nazionale di calcio austriaca, con la creazione di una sola nazionale, che comprendesse Germania ed Austria, “Cartavelina”, definito anche “Il Mozart del pallone”, si rifiutò di salutare a braccio teso; non ultimo di una serie di gesti di disobbedienza che lo porteranno ad una progressiva emarginazione, culminata in un misterioso incidente. Quando muore, meno di un mese dopo, il 23 gennaio 1939, non ha ancora compiuto i 36 anni. Viene trovato morto, nel suo letto. Accanto a lui, la giovane compagna italiana, Camilla Castagnola, ebrea. La spiegazione ufficiale è “avvelenamento da monossido di carbonio”. Un incidente dovuto ad una stufa difettosa. La Polizia austriaca, di solito meticolosa, mostra un’insolita fretta nell’archiviare il caso. Attorno a questa morte misteriosa nascono le più svariate ipotesi. C’è chi parla di suicidio dei due amanti, chi ipotizza che la ragazza fosse un esponente dell’Agenzia ebraica che aveva il compito di arruolare Sindelar in una organizzazione che avrebbe dovuto favorire l’espatrio degli ebrei austriaci e pensa ad un omicidio brillantemente organizzato dalla Gestapo. Dopo la guerra il rapporto sulla sua morte non si trova più. Svanito.  I tedeschi hanno fretta di chiudere il caso, preferirebbero esequie in forma privata, quasi clandestine. Invece la sede dell’Austria Vienna è tempestata di telegrammi da tutta l’Europa: alla fine se ne conteranno oltre 15.000 ed il suo funerale sarà seguito da non meno di 40.000 austriaci pronti a sfidare i divieti, più o meno palesi, dei nazisti. Matthias Sindelar, “il Mozart del football”, “cartavelina” fa il suo ingresso nella leggenda, diventa un eroe popolare, per diventare poi, alla fine della guerra, anche un eroe nazionale. Quando l’Austria riacquista la propria sovranità nazionale la stella del “Wunderteam” viene sepolta nel “Cimitero centrale di Vienna” in un mausoleo messo a disposizione della famiglia dall’autorità cittadina. Da allora, il 23 gennaio di ogni anno, una data che cade a pochi giorni dal “Giorno della Memoria”, la giornata dedicata alla commemorazione della Shoa, sulla tomba di Matthias Sindelar si tiene una semplice cerimonia cui partecipano i dirigenti della Federazione Austriaca, dell’Austria Vienna, ed i sempre meno numerosi compagni di squadra dei tempi del “Wunderteam”. Alla fine viene deposta sulla lapide una corona di alloro e dei fiori bianchi e viola, i colori del “Wiener Amateure” , diventato poi Austria Vienna. Fra coloro che non mancavano mai alla cerimonia c’era il Dr Schwarz, il vecchio presidente del club viennese. Schwarz, epurato perché ebreo e scampato ai lager nazisti, non aveva mai dimenticato che Matthias Sindelar un giorno l’aveva salutato facendogli capire che c’era ancora una speranza. Un ultima notizia… Lunedì 11 dicembre 2000, venne assegnato a Edson Arantes do Nascimento detto Pelè e a Diego Armando Maradona, il premio “Calciatore del Secolo”. La decisione finale fu piuttosto controversa, dato che una giuria di tecnici indicò Pelè, mentre un plebiscito popolare, eseguito via internet, scelse Maradona. Di Matthias Sindelar nessuno parlò, nessuno si ricordò. Non sappiamo se il tempo, come spesso succede, potrà rimediare. Però sappiamo che una candidatura Sindelar avrebbe portato a considerare altri valori oltre quelli meritati sui campi di gioco. Valori da sempre e per sempre decisivi per gli uomini.

Il nome del blog vuole essere non solo un omaggio a un grande campione, ma anche lanciare un segnale affinché certi valori, incarnati da certi personaggi sportivi nell’arco delle loro carriere, non vadano perduti e possano essere di stimolo ed esempio per le generazioni future.



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